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India successfully tested anti-satellite missiles

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi confirmed on the 27th that India has tested an anti-satellite missile and shot down a low-Earth orbit satellite to achieve a "major breakthrough" in the space field.

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US Acting Secretary of Defense Patrick Shanahan warned that the debris produced by India’s destruction of satellites could create “chaos” in space.

"Our scientists have shot down a running satellite in low-earth orbit 300 kilometers away," Modi said in a televised speech. "India has achieved unprecedented achievements today and is among the space powers."

He said that this is India's "pride moment."

The Indian government said that the missile test was aimed at defending Indian space assets from other countries.

India’s AsiaNews International News Agency quoted government sources as saying that the Indian Defense Research and Development Organization launched a local-made anti-satellite missile from the Qiandipur comprehensive test site off the coast of Orissa, eastern India, at 11:16, and shot down three minutes later. A satellite that the Indian side is preparing to phase out.

According to the Indian Foreign Ministry, the anti-satellite weapon test will not leave debris in space, and the residue will burn out in the process of falling into the Earth's atmosphere within a few weeks.

India has been involved in space projects for many years. Compared with the West, India can provide cheaper Earth imaging satellites and satellite launch capabilities. The Indian Mars probe "Mangarian" was launched in November 2013 and arrived in orbit around Mars in September of the following year. The Indian side intends to implement its first manned space mission in 2022.

Modi said that the Indian side tested the anti-satellite missiles as "defending the fast-developing India" and "not targeting any party" and did not intend to create a war atmosphere. In his view, the missile test did not violate any international convention. India has always opposed the use of weapons in space.

The Indian Foreign Ministry stated that India "has no intention of entering the space arms race."

The test launch of anti-satellite missiles has triggered the vigilance of neighboring Pakistan. There are many satellites in Pakistan.

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The Pakistani Foreign Ministry said in a statement on the 27th that space "is a human being, and every country has the responsibility to avoid activities that may lead to the militarization of space."

Reuters reported that Indian defense researchers had previously applied to the government for test launches of anti-satellite missiles, but several governments refused because of fears of triggering international criticism.

AFP explained that the Indian election is imminent, and the successful test of anti-satellite missiles is conducive to boosting the election of Modi and the Bharatiya Janata Party. The election of the People’s House of the Federal Assembly of India, the lower house, is scheduled to begin on April 11, in seven stages, and the results will be announced on May 23.

US Acting Defense Minister Shanahan told reporters during the inspection of the US Southern Command on the 27th that the US is assessing the consequences of India's test launch of anti-satellite missiles. "We all live in space, don't create chaos."

He said that given the increasing dependence of the world on space, it is necessary to use space to make rules.

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The United States was the first country to master the destruction of satellite technology. In 1959, it took the lead in testing anti-satellite missiles.

US Air Force Space Command Lieutenant David Thompson said in a testimony on the Senate Armed Services Committee on the 27th that the US is tracking 270 objects produced by the Indian test missiles in space, and the International Space Station is temporarily not threatened.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Director Jim Bridenstin told the House Appropriations Committee that the impact of anti-satellite missile testing may persist.

Jeffrey Lewis, a researcher at the Middlebury School of International Studies in the United States, said: "One of the threats of anti-satellite missiles is that it damages the target, leaving a deadly debris and threatening other satellites. In extreme cases, a collision may trigger another A collision creates a chain reaction."

He reminded that missile test can reduce the above risks as much as possible, but if such missiles are used in actual combat, "it will pose a real threat to all satellites in the same altitude orbit."