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The development trend of the world's leading science and technology in 2018 and the trend of 201

In 2018, the state of science and technology competition among major powers has become more intense. Countries have strengthened strategic and targeted layouts in disruptive technologies such as genetic editing, quantum and artificial intelligence, and basic science and technology fields such as information, energy, and advanced manufacturing.

With the new wave of scientific and technological revolution, grasp the development opportunities, in order to form an asymmetric strategic advantage. At the same time, under the influence of the Trump government's big country's competitive thinking and the "American priority" concept, the US factor has become the most prominent variable affecting the global technology, economy, and military landscape in 2018.

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The frequent "retreat" of major issues such as the US, Iranian nuclear, human rights, and international law, as well as a series of new policy measures implemented in geopolitical sensitive areas such as the Korean Peninsula and the Middle East, have strongly impacted the international community’s formation for decades.

The stable operation of rules and order has brought great uncertainty to the world political, economic, military and technological development environment, and will profoundly affect the development trend of 2019.

In 2018, global innovation investment continues to increase, and innovation is fruitful.

In 2018, the global economy continued to recover. Countries have increased their investment in research and development. Science and technology innovation is unprecedentedly active, and strives to become a consensus in the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation. At the same time, global innovation is highlighted, innovations are emerging, and competition among major powers is further exacerbated.

(1) Global R&D investment has grown steadily, and the industry is gradually becoming the mainstay of technological innovation and investment.

In 2018, global R&D investment has steadily increased. According to the US authoritative magazine Rdmag, global R&D investment will reach 2.19 trillion US dollars in 2018, an increase of 4.14%. In terms of regional distribution, Asia's R&D investment has reached 44% of the global share, up 10% from 10 years ago; R&D investment in the US, Europe and Russia/CIS regions has declined slightly from the previous year.

The United States still maintained the world's number one position with 552.98 billion US dollars, and increased by 2.86% year-on-year. However, due to the increasing absolute value of global R&D investment, the share of US R&D investment in global investment has been reduced from 33.3% 10 years ago to 25.25%.

China's R&D investment continued to be strong, accounting for 21.68% of the world's total of US$474.81 billion in 2018. Japan ranked third with R&D investment of US$186.64 billion.

As always, South Korea attaches great importance to research and development, and R&D investment accounts for the world's largest share of GDP, reaching 4.32%. India followed suit and vigorously promoted innovation and R&D. R&D investment rose by 8.27% year-on-year. In some countries in Europe, due to the weak economy and many other reasons, the growth of R&D investment is weak, which has dragged down the overall data of Europe. The science and technology investment and innovation of Germany, France and Britain are still strong and are among the world's advanced.

In 2018, the industry gradually became the main body of global scientific and technological innovation and investment, which was a distinctive feature of the year.

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According to the Rdmag survey, in the United States, industry R&D spending accounts for 66% of total US R&D spending; in Europe and Asia, industry R&D expenditures also reach 50%-75%. According to PricewaterhouseCoopers Strategy No. 14 Global Innovation Top 1000 Report, the total R&D expenditure of the Top 1000 Enterprises in 2018 reached US$782 billion, an increase of 11.4% year-on-year, and the R&D intensity of the Innovation 1000 (R&D expenditure accounted for The proportion of total income) reached a record high of 4.5%.

According to the industry, in 2018, the computer and electronics industry, health care, and automobiles ranked the top three in industrial R&D expenditure with 22.5%, 21.7%, and 16.0% respectively.

From the perspective of growth rate, the consumer goods industry surpassed the software and Internet industry for the first time. The R&D expenditure ranked first in the year-on-year growth rate, reaching 26.3%; the software and Internet industry R&D expenditure growth rate ranked second, up 20.6%.

(2) The innovation results are unprecedented, the innovation field is prominent, and the countries leading to innovation are relatively concentrated.

In the context of major countries focusing on technological innovation, global innovation has also achieved fruitful results. According to the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) data, from January to September 2018, the total number of PCT patent applications worldwide was 182,438, an increase of 3.0% year-on-year.

Among them, the United States is still the largest PCT patent applicant country, its patent application volume is 41,604, down 1.4% year-on-year, accounting for 22.8% of the global total; the second is Japan, the number of applications is 37,445, an increase of 2.9%, accounting for The global share is 20.5%; China ranks third, and the number of patent applications is 36,966, an increase of 8.6% year-on-year. It is closing the gap with the US and Japan with high growth rates; Germany and South Korea are ranked fourth with 14,668 and 11,610 respectively. fifth.

Overall, this new technology revolution represented by information technology is reshaping the global innovation landscape. The rise of Asian innovation groups with East Asia as the core has become another major feature of the global innovation landscape in 2018; defending big countries and emerging economies.

The competition between them has become increasingly fierce. China has made remarkable progress in the wave of scientific and technological innovation in 2018, and its performance is very bright. In some areas, both R&D investment intensity and patent output are among the best.

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However, in general, there is still a large technological gap between the quality and the US and Japan. In particular, in the semiconductor technology, chips, biomedical technology, high-end manufacturing technology and other aspects of the gap is greater, we need to work hard and catch up.